Book review: Randa Shaath's autobiography explores the link between soul and place    Laporte out for up to a month with hamstring injury, says Guardiola    Turmoil reshapes Malaysian politics with Mahathir role in doubt    Prayers at fire-bombed mosques as India's riot toll grows    Promising political stability, new Tunisian government takes office    Egyptian jewellery manufacturers need to more focus on product innovation to compete globally: designer Omama Atef    New virus has infected 83,000 globally, caused 2,800 deaths    Japan's Hokkaido declares state of emergency over virus    Coronavirus spreads in three continents; markets brace for global recession    Live score: Egypt's Zamalek v Tunisia's Esperance (African Champions League, quarterfinals)    Ighalo dedicates first Man Utd goal to late sister    Egypt becomes Africa's third fastest internet speed – minister    Egypt reaches agreement with Eni, Naturgy over Damietta LNG plant    Sudan celebrates Nile Day under theme of ‘joint investments on the river'    Mamluks' war with Ottomans: Rise of a civilisation, fall of another    Iran reports 22 deaths from coronavirus; 141 infected    Parliament has worked on files for all former officials deferred for years: MP Salah Hassaballah    Mo Salah joins UNHCR in combating refugee illiteracy through Instant Network Schools    10th Hakawy International Arts Festival for Children to showcase diverse theatre programme    FRA approves capital hike of EGP 200m for CI Capital    Egypt's Sisi approves loan worth $14 mln to establish grain storage in Port Said    Saudi Arabia stops pilgrimages over coronavirus spread    Egypt's Suez Canal post revenues to $5.8 billion in 2018/19    Turkey cuts off water supply to Syria's Hasakah city: report    Finance Ministry rejects SMEs law article amendments    GB Auto to discontinue Hyundai representation in Iraq    447% increase in mobile Malware attacks in Egypt: Kaspersky    NBE provides EGP 1bn credit facilities to Fiber Misr    Egypt's cabinet approves purchasing preventive equipment for Covid19    Military funeral for Mubarak amid regional, international absence    Tennis legend Maria Sharapova is retiring at 32    Egypt holds military funeral for former president Mubarak – Photos    The Mubarak legacy    Hosni Mubarak (1928-2020)    Is it time for Egypt to develop local English-language media outlets?    Controlling public assembly    The sound of a glitch    Don't miss Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake ballet concerts at the opera house    Mahathir strengthens power amid Malaysian political turmoil    First art exhibition taking place in Saudi Arabia features connection between Fellini and Picasso    Al Ahly, Zamalek play 2nd Cairo Derby in less than 96 hours    Amr Fahmy former CAF general-secretary, dies battling cancer    Cairo court acquits Mubarak's sons of stock market manipulation    Al Ahly play Zamalek for Egypt Super Cup in Abu Dhabi    Little Women on its way to become a classic    UEFA Champions League: defending champions Liverpool clash with Atletico Madrid    Egypt's Golden Age actress, Nadia Lutfi, dies at 83    Egypt's President Sisi pardons some prisoners on 25 Jan. Revolution anniversary    







Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.





Long line of Israeli-Palestinian peace bids precede Trump push
Published in Ahram Online on 27 - 01 - 2020

U.S. President Donald Trump is expected to present to Israeli leaders details of his long-delayed peace plan for Israel and the Palestinians on Monday.
Palestinians have already dismissed the plan, without having seen it, accusing the Trump administration of pro-Israel bias.
The initiative follows a history of peace efforts that have failed to overcome decades of distrust and violence.
Here are the main plans and initiatives undertaken by the parties themselves and international mediators since the 1967 Middle East War, when Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem, the Sinai peninsula and the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights: 1967 - U.N. Security Council Resolution 242
After the Six-Day War, U.N. Security Council Resolution 242 calls for the "withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict" in return for all states in the area to respect each other's sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence.
The resolution is the foundation for many peace initiatives but its imprecise phrasing - is the reference to all territories or just some? - has complicated efforts for decades. 1978 - Camp David agreement
Five years after the 1973 Middle East War, U.S. President Jimmy Carter brings Israel's Menachem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat to Camp David to negotiate peace. Begin and Sadat agree on a Framework for Peace in the Middle East, calling for an Israeli withdrawal in stages from Egypt's Sinai desert and a transitional Palestinian government in the West Bank and Gaza.
1979 - Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty
The first peace treaty between Israel and an Arab country sets out plans for a complete Israeli withdrawal from Sinai within three years. 1981 - Fahd Plan
Saudi Crown Prince Fahd proposes plan calling for complete Israeli withdrawal from all occupied territories, creation of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital and a right of return or compensation for Palestinian refugees. 1991 - Madrid summit
Four years after a Palestinian uprising erupted, an international peace conference convenes in Madrid. Representatives of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) attend. No agreements are reached but scene is set for direct contacts.
1993-1995 - Declaration of Principles/Oslo Accords
Israel and the PLO hold secret talks in Norway that result in interim peace accords calling for establishment of a Palestinian interim self-government and an elected council in the West Bank and Gaza for a five-year transitional period, Israeli troop withdrawals and negotiations on a permanent settlement.
2000 - Camp David summit
U.S. President Bill Clinton convenes Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak at Camp David. They fail to reach a final agreement. Another Palestinian uprising ensues. 2002-2003 - Bush Declaration/Arab peace initiative/Road Map
George W. Bush becomes first U.S. president to call for creation of a Palestinian state, living side-by-side with Israel "in peace and security".
Saudi Arabia presents Arab League-endorsed peace plan for full Israeli withdrawal from occupied territory and Israel's acceptance of a Palestinian state in return for normal relations with Arab countries.
The United States, the European Union, the United Nations and Russia present roadmap to a permanent two-state solution to the conflict amid a Palestinian uprising.
2007 - Annapolis summit
Bush hosts Middle East summit in Annapolis, Maryland. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert agree to resume talks. Olmert later says they were close to a deal but a corruption investigation against him and a Gaza war in 2008 scupper any agreement. 2009 - Netanyahu's Bar-Ilan address
In a speech at Israel's Bar-Ilan University, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says he would be prepared for a peace agreement that includes establishment of a demilitarised Palestinian state. He also sets another condition: Palestinian recognition of Israel as the "state of the Jewish people". 2010 - Israeli settlement freeze/talks resume - and end
Under U.S. pressure, Netanyahu imposes 10-month partial moratorium on West Bank settlement construction. Peace talks resume just before freeze ends and then break down after Netanyahu refuses to extend moratorium. 2013 - 2014 - Washington peace talks/negotiations collapse
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry coaxes Israeli and Palestinian negotiators to resume peace talks. They go nowhere and are suspended in April 2014.
June 2019 - Trump economic plan announced
Jared Kushner, Trump's son-in-law and the principal author of the Trump plan, launches its preliminary stage in Bahrain.
He takes an "economy first" approach, calling for a $50 billion investment fund to boost the Palestinian and neighbouring Arab state economies.
2019
During election campaigns, Netanyahu says he intends to annex West Bank settlements, and much of the Jordan Valley if elected. Later, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo effectively backs Israel's claimed right to build Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank by abandoning the four-decade-old U.S. position that they were inconsistent with international law.


Clic here to read the story from its source.