Egypt's new ambassador submits his credentials to Ethiopia's Foreign Ministry    Afghanistan extends election to Sunday due to chaos at polling stations    Tennis: Osaka plans to stay 'weird' in ever-changing career    Switzerland, Victorinox settle Swiss Army perfume dispute    China unveils plans to launch man-made moon into space    'German firms welcome,' says New Jersey governor    Car rental company under fire after ad jokes about hitting cyclists    'The Perfect Jump' - 50 years on    In focus: Egypt's complicated relationship with its traditions    Train mows down crowd at India festival, at least 58 dead    US Sen. Graham says he's skeptical of Saudi explanation on Khashoggi    White House, noting Saudi announcement on Khashoggi, says will press for justice    BREAKING: Saudi Arabia says journalist Khashoggi died after fight in consulate    Tawfik Al-Hakim Museum    INTERVIEW: Abdel-Hadi Al-Qasabi, the head of the majority Support Egypt parliamentary bloc    UEFA investigating crowd trouble during PSG-Red Star game    West Ham's Wilshere suffers injury setback, Carroll back in training    Trading Partners for Food Industries targets 50% increased production    Egypt achieves historical results in Buenos Aires Summer Youth Olympic Games    Egyptian star Mohamed Salah chooses between Real Madrid, Barcelona    Egypt's growth to accelerate to 5.5% in FY 2019: Standard Chartered    Al-Sisi approves US $19m deal supporting country's family planning programme    Egypt's military opened four new schools in Sinai    Thousands of Seoul taxi-drivers rally against plans for carpool service    Egypt, EIB ink €214 mln deal to improve Nile Delta's sanitation services    Dow falls in volatile session after Fed hints at more rate hikes ahead    Campaigning for tourism    An abandoned harvest?    Newsreel    Silverware night    Start packing    A crucial second summit    Arab strategic alliance    Voice of the majority    No future for the Brotherhood    Halting child marriage    Digitalisation and education    A weekend in Qusseir    Attention to water    Obour Wa Intessar    Tawfik Al-Hakim Museum    Networking for heritage    Young artist presents the allure of being an overweight woman    MP drafts bill to cancel punishments against drug users    Egypt renews nationwide emergency state for three months    Challenges, victories in film industry: #Metoo one-year-anniversary    An open-ended dream    Esraa Zidan's debut solo exhibition explores body positivity at newly opened Azad Gallery    







Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.





Pt 1: The year of Hassan Abu Basha
30 years in 30 days: How Mubarak Ruled Egypt
Published in Youm7 on 10 - 08 - 2011

Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak dismissed el-Nabawy Ismail as Minister of Interior and appointed Hassan Abu Basha instead, where Mubarak's policy then was to change and build the base of security.
Mubarak took over power without struggle, just as former President Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat did.
Mubarak announced he will not change any leaders, officials and ministers, only the Minister of Interior.
Mubarak found it important to dismiss Ismail and appoint Abu Basha, after Mubarak appointed a Prime Minister because the position was empty.
A few hours after Sadat's assassination, all regime officials agreed to nominate Mubarak the President of Egypt.
Mubarak spent six years as vice president for Sadat.
The presidency in Egypt was like a pyramid, the president at the top. Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat were at the top but Hosni Mubarak was different. Abdel Nasser spent two years in struggle for power.
There were many struggles and tension from July 1952 to March 1954.
Mohamed Naguib was president of Egypt until Abdel Nasser took authority from him in 1954. At the time, Abdel Nasser confronted everyone, including his opponents, old regime officials and officers. Everything settled after the nationalization of the Suez Canal and the Suez War, which made him the greatest Egyptian and Arab leader until the setback in 1967.
As for Anwar Sadat, he started his era with a struggle with forces who tried to impose their influence, rigid corners in Abdel Nasser's regime. But the imposers resigned and Sadat started his reign after he got rid of his opponents, following the Machiavelli way. Sadat announced the revolution of correction and he got rid of opponents who believe him weak.
When Abdel Nasser chose Sadat as vice president, Sadat's opponents considered Abdel Nasser's choice a mistake or coincidence. But Sadat proved himself to be an intelligent president, able to manipulate his opponents.
From May 1971 to October 1973, Sadat faced many doubts in his skills and ability to win the war. But he won in the October War in 1973 and was able to promise people with democracy and development.
Hosni Mubarak took over presidency without any struggle when Sadat was assassinated during a military parade celebrating the opening of the Seuz Canal. The assassination facilitated the transfer of power with ease to Mubarak. Mubarak became president 8 days after Sadat's assassination.
Sadat didn't live to see his dream of retrieving Sinai back come true, even after his visit to Al-Qods and signing the Camp David treaty. After this treaty, most Arab countries cut their relations with Egypt.
There weren't any clear details about the group that assassinated Sadat, according to the then Minister of Interior, Hassan Abu Basha. Abu Basha was able to bring stability and security by arresting members of el-Jihad group, who were later trialed.
Mubarak didn't find it necessary to struggle for authority since Sadat's men supported Mubarak as president. Mubarak didn't show any desire to change them since they supported him.


Clic here to read the story from its source.