Iran's FM says his meeting with US senator spooked Trump    U.S. urges EU to use 5G by Ericsson, Nokia, Samsung, seen on par with Huawei    Coronavirus cases climb to 621 on Japan cruise liner as some passengers leave    Egypt's Fawry finishes transferring 63% of shares to indirect shareholders    IFC injects $125 mln investments to improve health care in Egypt    Chanel and Prada postpone shows in Asia owing to coronavirus    Egypt's FRA grants EGX-listed companies right to obtain not listed    UN balks as Yemen rebels try to control the flow of aid    Liverpool boss Klopp hits out at Atletico's negative play after defeat    Gomes ready to return against Arsenal: Everton boss Ancelotti    Lebanon will invite eight firms to bid to be financial adviser: Source    MAK Investments unveils Mӧvenpick resort in Marsa Alam's Port Ghalib project    Lesaffre Egypt for yeast production aims to export 8,000 tonnes by end of 2020    SCZone to hold international conference for investments next month    Al-Assad says recapturing Aleppo does not mean end of war    EasyJet to operate new direct flight between UK, Sharm El-Sheikh in Mid-Year    Haaland nets 2 to give Dortmund 2-1 win over PSG in CL    The future beckons    Less theory, more practice in education    Centennial celebrations at AUC    Class conflict cliché    Sudan denies claims about relinquishing Nile water share to Egypt    Coronavirus death toll reaches 1,876, confirmed cases rise to 73,332    Don't miss the concerts of The Royal National Ballet of Georgia at the Cairo Opera House    Oscar-winning director Oliver Stone to head jury at Saudi's Red Sea film festival    Neanderthals used flowers in their mortuary practices: study    Last leg in the GERD talks    China sees fall in coronavirus deaths but WHO urges caution    Little Women on its way to become a classic    Israel worries of EU recognition of Palestinian state    EGX-listed companies shrug impact of Coronavirus on sales    Madbouly follows-up progress on new municipal solid waste system    UEFA Champions League: defending champions Liverpool clash with Atletico Madrid    Berlinale Africa Hub to take place 20-27 February    Egypt sentences Boutros Raouf Ghali to 30 years for smuggling artefacts    Naguib Mahfouz's daughter donates some of Nobel laureate's belongings to his museum    House of Representatives wronged, history would do it justice: Deputy Speaker of Soliman Wahdan    Rise in coronavirus infections prompts Japan to limit public crowds    Khamenei loyalists may tighten grip at Iran elections    Sharm El Sheikh receives 2 UK flights in 4 years    Sisi attends funeral of former commander of Egypt's air forces    Zamalek dominate Africa from Doha    Chinese Grand Prix likely to be called off amid coronavirus concerns    Zamalek clash with Espérance de Tunis, eyeing first CAF Super Cup in almost 17 years    Egypt's Golden Age actress, Nadia Lutfi, dies at 83    Basketball legend Kobe Bryant, Daughter Gianna die in helicopter crash    Egypt's President Sisi pardons some prisoners on 25 Jan. Revolution anniversary    Egypt's Sami Anan released after near two-year detention    







Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.





Not all low-carb, low-fat diets help you live longer
Published in Ahram Online on 22 - 01 - 2020

Researchers followed 37,233 adults for two decades starting when they were 50 years old, on average. During the study, 4,866 people died, or about 13% of participants.
Overall, mortality rates were similar for people who followed low-carb or low-fat diets and those who didn't, researchers report in JAMA Internal Medicine.
However, the risk of premature death did appear lower for people on these diets who consumed healthier foods like plant proteins, unsaturated fats and high-quality carbohydrates like vegetables, fruits, legumes and whole grains. In contrast, mortality was higher for people whose diets included lots of saturated fats and animal protein.
“The health benefits of a low-carb diet may not only depend on the types of protein and fat, but also the quality of carbohydrate remaining in the diet,” said study leader Dr. Zhilei Shan of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston.
Among low-carb dieters, people who got the most calories from unhealthy foods were 16% more likely to die during the study than people with the healthiest diets.
With low-fat diets, people who got the most calories from unhealthy foods were 12% more likely to die.
The findings are drawn from responses to national dietary surveys conducted from 1999 to 2014. Participants were asked to recall everything they ate in the previous 24 hours, providing a snapshot of their eating habits.
During the study period, 849 people died from heart disease and 1,068 died of cancer. Several types of cancer and many cardiovascular diseases are associated with unhealthy diets.
The study wasn't designed to prove whether or how any specific eating habits might help people live longer, or have the opposite effect.
One limitation of the analysis is that researchers could only score participants' diet quality based on their recollection of a single day's food intake, and it's possible some people changed their eating habits over time.
It's not completely clear what happens in the body when people consume different types of carbs or fats that might impact longevity, said Kevin C. Maki, a researcher at Indiana University School of Public Health in Bloomington who wasn't involved in the study.
Eating lots of saturated fats, for example, might raise cholesterol, and consuming more unsaturated fats might help lower cholesterol, Maki said by email. High cholesterol is one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Beyond this, people who eat well may have other healthy habits that help them live longer.
“People who have a higher-quality diet tend to exercise more, have lower body weight, are less likely to smoke and drink alcohol to excess, and are more likely to undergo recommended health testing.
The study shows there can be both good and bad low-carb or low-fat diets, said Andrew Mente of McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, who wasn't involved in the study.
“It's more about selecting whole natural or minimally-processed foods, regardless of the amount of carbs or fat,” Mente said by email. “This would translate into a diet that may include a variety of whole foods in various combinations including fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts and fish as well as whole fat dairy and unprocessed red meat and poultry.”


Clic here to read the story from its source.