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Boris Johnson's government faces test in special election
Published in Ahram Online on 01 - 08 - 2019

After a first week in office that saw him booed in Scotland and berated in Belfast, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was facing his first electoral test on Thursday _ a special election that could see the Conservative government's working majority in Parliament cut to just one vote.
Voters are electing a lawmaker in a by-election for the seat of Brecon and Radnorshire in Wales after Conservative incumbent Chris Davies was ousted. He was dumped by a petition of local electors after being convicted of a 700 pound ($847) expenses fraud.
Davies is running to regain the seat but faces a strong challenge from the Liberal Democrats' Jane Dodds in a vote overshadowed by Brexit. Polls close at 10 p.m. (2100 GMT), with results expected early Friday.
In Britain's 2016 EU membership referendum the Brecon constituency _ a hilly, largely rural area about 175 miles (280 kilometers) west of London _ voted by 52%-48% to leave the EU, an outcome that exactly matched the national result.
As in the rest of the U.K., the area's voters remain deeply divided over the decision _ and over the fact that, three years later, Britain is still a member of the bloc.
Johnson became prime minister last week after winning a Conservative leadership race by vowing to take Britain out of the European Union on Oct. 31, with or without a divorce deal.
The Conservatives hope Johnson's commitment to complete Brexit ``come what may'' will neutralize a challenge from the new Brexit Party led by longtime euroskeptic figurehead Nigel Farage.
The pro-EU Liberal Democrats are hoping to win support from voters opposed to Brexit.
The centrist Lib Dems hold just 12 of the 650 seats in the House of Commons but have seen their support surge because of their call for Britain to remain in the EU. In European Parliament elections in May, the party took 20% of U.K. votes, trouncing both the Conservatives and the main opposition Labour Party, whose stance on Brexit is complicated.
Johnson, who visited the area Tuesday, said ``a vote for any party other than Conservatives pushes the Liberal Democrats one step closer to cancelling the referendum result.''
While many farmers back Brexit out of frustration with the EU's rules-heavy Common Agricultural Policy, sheep-raisers in Brecon worry that, without an EU divorce deal, steep tariffs on lamb exports will devastate their business.
Johnson was criticized by Welsh farmers and booed in the capital, Cardiff, this week during his first tour of the U.K. as prime minister.
He also faced jeers from Scottish independence protesters in Edinburgh and censure from politicians in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Both areas voted to remain in the EU, and many there resent being forced to leave the bloc against their will.
Johnson has just over 90 days to secure and ratify a new divorce deal with the EU, or get Britain ready to leave the 28-nation bloc without one. Lawmakers are unlikely to make it easy for him.
The Conservatives lack an overall majority in the House of Commons, and rely on an alliance with 10 lawmakers from Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party. If the Conservatives lose the Brecon seat, the governing alliance will have 320 of the 639 voting lawmakers _ the bare minimum needed to carry votes.
That will leave the government struggling to pass any legislation and vulnerable to an opposition no-confidence vote that could trigger an early general election.
Parliament previously voted to prevent Johnson's predecessor, Theresa May, from taking Britain out of the EU without a deal, and pro-EU lawmakers say they will try to stop Johnson doing the same thing.
Johnson says he wants a deal, but is demanding the EU make major changes to the divorce agreement it struck with May, which was rejected three times by Britain's Parliament. The EU is adamant that it won't renegotiate.
European Commission spokeswoman Mina Andreeva said Thursday that the Brexit ``withdrawal agreement is not up for re-opening.''
Economists say a no-deal Brexit would severely disrupt trade and plunge the U.K. into recession. Johnson's hard-line stance has unnerved currency markets, were the pound fell to a new 28-month low on Thursday of $1.2085.
The government insists it can ease the shock of a no-deal Brexit by being prepared, and has set aside more than 2 billion pounds ($2.4 billion) for measures including hiring 500 border officers, stockpiling essential medicines and mounting a public information campaign.
Opponents called the measures a waste of cash. The government spent heavily before the originally scheduled March 29 Brexit date on measures including hiring ferries and booking warehouse space to stockpile essential goods _ money that ended up being wasted because Britain did not leave.
Labour lawmaker Meg Hillier, who heads the Commons Public Accounts Committee, accused the government of conducting ``megaphone diplomacy with Brussels using taxpayers' money.''

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