Fund to upgrade banking system to be established under new bill: CBE official    Egypt sends 2 aid planes to Zimbabwe    25 percent increase in journalist allowance as of May: Journalists Syndicate head    Tottenham ban fans trying to sell Champions League final tickets    Man City's Sterling wants to meet FA, league about racism    Tennis: Djokovic concedes he has mountain to climb at French Open    Omani Writer Jokha Alharthi wins the 2019 Man Booker International Prize    Shoukry, Furey discuss Egypt's foreign policy, reforms    Protesters continue their sit-in before defence ministry in Khartoum    Households electricity prices hike by EGP 4-93.5 per month    Egypt's domestic debt exceeds EGP 4tn in December 2018: CBE    SODIC's advance cheques for real estate projects reach EGP 4bn    Egypt name national team's initial squad for AFCON 2019    General Prosecutor orders release of five prominent detainees    Trump says he can negotiate when Iran is 'ready' for talks    Fashionably featuring beguiling beauty of Maasai people    Stalemate in Sudan    Mascot revealed, tickets on sale    Only one path to glory    What comes after the IMF?    Negresco pasta with broccoli and spinach    Why the dollar went south    Messages to Tehran    Don't miss Al-Leila Al-Kebira puppet theatre operetta at Al-Hanager Arts Centre    In search of historical women    Drugs, terrorism, judicial authorities' bills top Parliament's agenda in June    Iraq sending teams to Tehran, Washington to calm tensions: Prime minister    Egypt keen on AfCFTA's entry into force: Trade and Industry Ministry    Why Egypt dominates squash: juniors' training plans, says Khalifa    Twelve alleged militants killed in shootout with police    Apple provides 20,000 educational applications for special needs children    "Cover Up Your Daughter, So Men Can Fast Appropriately," campaign evokes anger    "Kushaf": most famous Ramadan drinks    Women's participation in Ramadan series    Forgotten sites in El Gamaleya District    Egypt's new banking bill to set new regulations for forming boards of banks, CBE sources tell MENA    Malawians vote in tough presidential election    Angry at being dubbed a hustler, Maradona dismisses new film    Austria's FPO would back no-confidence vote in Kurz, minister says    Legal measures taken against 85 money launderer: Interior Ministry    At Cannes, Arab Cinema Centre announces winners of its 3rd Critics Awards    Zamalek faces RS Berkane for first CAF Confederation Cup title    Smokers have higher risk for multiple strokes    President Sisi receives citizens for Iftar at his private residence    Argentine great Maradona to miss Cannes film premiere after shoulder injury    The alternative economy in Ramadan    No new rent law    Newsreel    

Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.

Why Haftar was in Cairo
Published in Ahram Online on 17 - 04 - 2019

Amid Operation Flood of Dignity waged by the Libyan National Army (LNA) against militias in Tripoli, army commander Khalifa Haftar landed in Cairo on Monday for a meeting with President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi.
A statement by Presidential Spokesman Bassam Radi confirmed Egypt's support “of efforts to combat terrorism and extremist groups and militias in order to achieve security and stability for the Libyan citizen”.
Cairo's support of Haftar's military operation is based on the notion that eradicating Libya's terrorist environment will help establish the basis for a stable, civil state.
Cairo also understands the urgency of sealing this chapter in Libya to embark on rebuilding and developing the country to meet its people's aspirations, the presidential statement said.
Haftar's visit to Egypt is telling in a number of indicators, particularly due to its timing. That the LNA commander arrived in a foreign country amid his ongoing military operation, launched on 4 April, is proof of critical developments on the battleground.
However, anti-army parties will exploit the visit politically — much as they did after Haftar visited Saudi Arabia prior to launching Flood of Dignity — giving rich material to the media orchestrated by the Qatar-Turkey axis that is hostile to Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates.
Possibly Haftar's visit to Cairo aimed at providing a clear picture of the nature of the military operation. This was felt in Cairo's reaction to developments in Libya. On 6 April, following a meeting between Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri and his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov, Shoukri said at a press conference: “Egypt supports a political solution in Libya and setting aside a military solution to reach a climate conducive to holding elections.”
Shoukri described Libyan events as “clashes” and an “escalation”, saying “Egypt is extremely worried about clashes that erupted in parts of Libya,” and calling on “all parties to exercise self-control and halt the escalation”.
The tone, and wording, of the presidential statement on Monday following the Al-Sisi-Haftar meeting were somewhat different. It is believed Haftar was in Cairo to provide a comprehensive picture of the military operation, report an assessment of what it has accomplished in its first 10 days, and evaluate international reaction towards Flood of Dignity, particularly those of European countries of influence on the Libyan stage.
It is clear Cairo considered the motive of Haftar's operation exactly as he stated it in his first statement released following the launch of the operation. Haftar said Operation Flood of Dignity aimed at “fighting terrorism and cleansing Tripoli of the militias controlling it”. The operation's motive won it Cairo's support, as clarified in Monday's presidential statement.
An anti-terrorist operation in Libya would definitely win Egypt's support for strategic reasons, obliging Cairo to be updated on security developments in its neighbouring country, and more so now because Egypt has suffered from the deterioration of security conditions in Libya.
Terrorist networks functioning in eastern Libya are in close proximity to Egypt's western border through which terrorist elements entered Egypt. The majority of terrorist organisations based in the east of Libya were eliminated thanks to successful LNA operations and Egypt's logistical support.
In the same context, Cairo stressed it supported the anti-terrorism operation in western Libya, especially after LNA figureheads revealed terrorist leaders from Al-Qaeda and other militias on Egypt's list of terrorists were camping in west Libya.
Cairo also declared its intention to intensify its efforts towards uniting the Libyan army and security apparatuses to minimise the chances of division within their ranks, exacerbated after the spread of militias and legitimising their presence on the security and political fronts.
Haftar's visit in Cairo was also aimed at winning the support of allies for the operation. This required listening to Egypt's vision regarding the operation and exchanging views, especially since the operation's field developments have revealed it was different than military operations the LNA conducted in the east and south.
In light of the likely scenarios for Flood of Dignity, it is important to determine whether it will go all the way or seize a certain point by which to push the warring militias towards a serious settlement.
After all, the operation will cast a political shadow on the following transitional phase, raising the concern of Egypt, being a principal party in Libyan settlements since Libya signed the UN-backed Skhirat Agreement in Morocco on 17 December 2015, all the way to the Palermo and Paris talks held on 13 November 2018 and 29 May 2018, respectively.
Worth noting, Haftar's reception in Cairo was attended by head of Egyptian General Intelligence Major General Abbas Kamel, indicating the current situation in Libya concerned Egypt politically. Haftar did not receive a military reception.
If anything, the manner in which Cairo received Haftar stressed that the capital is striking a balance between its political support of Haftar's military operation and other political considerations related to the path of a Libyan political settlement.
This could not have been more evident than in the presidential statement that stressed the goal of establishing a civilian state in Libya.
*A version of this article appears in print in the 18 April, 2019 edition of Al-Ahram Weekly under the headline: Why Haftar was in Cairo

Clic here to read the story from its source.