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Mohamed Morsi's first year: the record
Published in Al-Ahram Weekly on 26 - 06 - 2013


June 2012
30: Morsi takes the oath of office before the Supreme Constitutional Court.

July 2012
8: Morsi issues a decree recalling the dissolved People's Assembly.
9: Morsi's order to reconvene the People's Assembly is rejected by the Supreme Constitutional Court.
10: The People's Assembly convenes but the session is abruptly adjourned by speaker Saad Al-Katatni.
14: Morsi meets Hillary Clinton.

August 2012
2: Hisham Kandil and his cabinet take the oath of office, replacing Kamal Al-Ganzouri's government.
5: Unidentified gunmen attack a checkpoint on the Egyptian-Israeli border killing 16 Egyptian policemen. Morsi fires the General Intelligence chief, the head of the military police, several Interior Ministry officials, the head of the presidential guard and the governor of North Sinai.
11: All copies of Al-Dostour daily, a paper critical of Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood, are confiscated.
12: Morsi issues a constitutional declaration assuming full legislative powers himself and isolating the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces from the political scene. Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi, head of the Military Intelligence, is named minister of defence and judge Mahmoud Mekki vice president.
30: Morsi visits Tehran for the Non-Aligned Movement summit. It is the first visit to Iran by an Egyptian president since the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

September 2012
13: Protests erupt in Egypt and elsewhere in the Islamic world against a short clip posted on YouTube purporting to be a trailer for a feature film deemed insulting to the Prophet Mohamed. Some 225 people are reported injured in clashes outside the US embassy in Cairo.
14: Two members of the Multinational Force and Observers are wounded in Sheikh Zuwayed, Sinai when the peacekeeping forces compound is attacked.
23: The Higher Administrative Court issues a ruling allowing former members of the dissolved National Democratic Party to run in parliamentary elections.
October 2012
8: Morsi pardons revolutionaries arrested for taking part in protests at the start of the 2011 revolution.
12: Revolutionary forces hold a protest, “Accountability Friday”, to mark Morsi's first 100 days in office and press for the fulfilment of revolutionary demands.
13: Morsi attempts to dismiss the Mubarak-era prosecutor-general Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud. He is forced to backtrack to avoid a clash with the judiciary.
November 2012
17: Morsi condemns Israeli air strikes against Gaza and sends Prime Minister Hisham Kandil to the Strip in solidarity with Gazans and Hamas.
19: Thousands march to Cairo's Mohamed Mahmoud Street to commemorate the victims of the previous year's clashes on the street. Violent clashes occur and two activists — Ahmed Naguib and Gaber Salah “aka Jika” — are killed by the police.
22: Morsi issues a controversial constitutional decree placing his decisions beyond judicial review. He dismisses the prosecutor-general and appoints Talaat Abdallah in his place. Judges begin a work stoppage in protest.
23: Over 30 opposition groups organise mass protests against the decree. The demonstrations are overshadowed by clashes between supporters and opponents of the president across Egypt. A number of Muslim Brotherhood regional offices are torched.
27: Thousands take part in demonstrations denouncing Morsi's “dictatorial” declaration.
28: 35 opposition groups form the National Salvation Front (NSF) in opposition to Morsi's constitutional declaration.
30: The Islamist-dominated Constituent Assembly approves its draft constitution after the process is boycotted by liberals and Christians.

December 2012
1: The president sets 15 December as the date for a public referendum on the draft constitution. Thousands of Islamists march to Cairo University to support the president's decree, the draft constitution and to demand Sharia Law.
2: The Supreme Constitutional Court is forced to abandon its sittings as Islamist protesters siege the court building.
4: Mass protests call for the cancellation of Morsi's constitutional decree. Thousands march to Al-Ittihadiya presidential palace to demand Morsi's departure.
5: Morsi's supporters attack a peaceful sit-in outside the presidential palace leaving hundreds injured and seven dead.
8: Morsi revokes his controversial declaration but insists the referendum on the constitution will still be held on 15 December.
10: Morsi gives the army powers of arrest during the holding of the referendum.
25: The referendum approves the constitution, with a 63.8 per cent “yes”. About 32.2 per cent — of 51.9 million eligible voters — went to the poll.

January 2013
26: Capital sentences for 21 people for their roles in the Port Said Stadium disaster spark unrest in Port Said. The authorities lose control of Port Said. A state of emergency and 30-day curfew are announced in cities along the Suez Canal. Residents flaunt the curfew, taking to the streets en masse at curfew hour.
28: Protests take place in 11 cities, including Suez, Alexandria, Menoufiya and Cairo. The Shura Council approves Morsi's announcement of a state of emergency in Canal cities as well as the granting of police powers to army soldiers.

February 2013
2: Minister of Culture Mohamed Arab resigns in protest against attacks on demonstrators by security personnel. He is the third culture minister to resign since the 2011 revolution.
4: Mohamed Al-Guindi, a member of the Popular Current arrested in Tahrir Square on 27 January, dies in hospital from injuries sustained while being tortured by the police.
5: Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad arrives in Cairo for the first visit by an Iranian leader in more than three decades.

March 2013
3: Clashes reignite in Port Said when police fire tear gas at demonstrators opposed to the Interior Ministry's decision to transfer 39 detainees from Port Said to Wadi Al-Natroun prison. Two policemen and three civilians are killed.
9: Three protesters, including an eight-year-old boy, die in clashes between demonstrators and police on Qasr Al-Nil Bridge, Tahrir Square. The headquarters of the Ittihad Al-Shorta (the Egyptian National Police Football Club) and the Egyptian Football Association are torched.

April 2013
28: A group of young activist announces the Tamarod (Rebel) campaign which seeks to gather 15 million signatures on a petition calling for Morsi's resignation and early presidential election.

May 2013
6: Morsi approves his second government reshuffle. Nine ministers — justice, parliamentary affairs, petroleum, antiquities, agriculture, finance, planning and international cooperation, culture and investment — are changed. The reshuffle consolidates Brotherhood control of the government, putting members of the group in charge of crucial economic and political portfolios.
14: The Tamarod campaign announces that it has collected two millions signatures for its petition. Opposition forces, including the NSF, announce their backing for the campaign and urge their supporters to participate in anti-Morsi protests called for 30 June by Tamarod.

June 2013
3: Hundreds of artists and intellectuals begin an open-ended sit-in at the offices of the Culture Minister Alaa Abdel-Aziz to demand his dismissal after he fires the heads of the Opera House and the Fine Arts Sector. Protesters accuse the minister of spearheading a Brotherhood plan to undermine Egyptian culture.
16: At a conference organised by his supporters, Morsi announces that Egypt will cut all ties with Syria and urges international powers to impose a no-fly zone over the country. During the conference Salafi cleric Mohamed Hassan calls on Egyptians to join the jihad against Al-Assad's regime.
17: Morsi appoints 17 new governors. Seven are Muslim Brotherhood members, five hail from the army, two are independent and one is a member of the Ghad Al-Thawra Party. The most controversial appointment sees a member of Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiya become governor of Luxor, the city where, in 1997, Al-Gamaa Al Islamiya massacred 58 tourists.
18: Demonstrations are held in several governorates to protest against newly appointed Islamist governors.
19: The Tamarod campaign announces it has gathered more than 15 million signatures for its petition demanding Morsi's resignation.
21: Tens of thousands of Islamists hold a mass rally in support of President Morsi and threaten to take to the streets on 30 June.
22: Opposition forces hold a press conference and announce a roadmap should 30 June protests force Morsi to call early presidential elections.
23: The newly appointed governor of Luxor resigns.
23: A mob of 3,000 angry locals led by Salafi sheikhs burn the homes of Shias in the village of Zawyat Abu Muslam in Giza and attack the inhabitants, killing four. The Sunday afternoon violence follows weeks of incitement by Salafi preachers. Eyewitnesses say five houses were torched during the attack.


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