Britain's Hammond says optimistic will find common ground with Labour    Turkey orders detention of 210 military personnel over links to Gulen    Sri Lankan police hunt 140 people believed linked to Islamic State after Easter bombings    Manchester City's Sterling honoured with award for fighting racism    Man City competing like 'animals' to win title - Fernandinho    Tennis: Nadal shines in comfortable victory over Ferrer in Barcelona    Trump's ‘peace plan' in Middle East to be unveiled in June    Kim Jong Un to meet Putin in Russia    EGP 1.852tn balance of local T-Bills, T-Bonds by end-March    AOI will complete launch of two solar plants in Eritrea next October    NTPC to invest in solar energy in Egypt    For First Time in Egypt: Uber launches UberBlack in El Gouna    No Egyptians to travel for Umrah without Ministry of Tourism approval: Supreme Committee for Hajj, Umrah    The widespread impact of domestic violence    Ancient Egyptian tomb filled with mummies unearthed in Aswan    Indian embassy, Social Solidarity Ministry launch new initiative in Assuit    Once upon a time in Eden features Anubis in batman suit    Egypt renews state of emergency for three months: Official gazette    Egyptians binging on holiday    In pursuit of stability    Sliced twice    Egyptian triple    Staged in Cairo    Partial sale of Banque du Caire    Steel troubles    Understanding Sudan    Democrat divisions over Mueller report    Primary healthcare for all    Avengers: Endgame    After the Sri Lanka bombings    The return of the vice president    Expat voices heard    Al-Qawmi Theatre's new production Yaaish Ahl Baladi is a must go    Celebrating World Heritage    Don't miss "The Sum of All Parts" exhibition at UBUNTU gallery    Egypt's constitutional amendments approved: What's next?    Centamin reports better-than-expected Q1 gold output    Egypt's state employees to be assessed ahead of transfer to New Administrative Capital    Egypt to set up 4 medical centers in Africa: Minister    Republished: Good morning, Sinai: A look at the headlines when Israel withdrew in 1982    Egypt's bourse recovers, gains EGP 3.8 billion    Egyptian voters back constitutional amendments    Elders, campaigners dominate scene in Kerdasa polling stations    250 archaeological missions from 25 countries work in Egypt: Minister    Bundesliga: Bayern Munich turn the screw in a reminder of champions past    Trade exchange between Egypt, Tunisia to increase to $500m    Cairo Copts celebrate Palm Sunday    Vatican willing to offer technical know-how to help restore Notre-Dame    







Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.





Abuse continues on Thai fishing boats
Published in Bikya Masr on 02 - 09 - 2013

The International Labor Organization (ILO) on Monday warned of "serious abuses" in the Thai fishing industry — a major global supplier — such as forced labor and violence.
About 17 percent of the mainly undocumented Myanmar and Cambodian fishermen surveyed by the ILO were forced to work under threat of financial penalty, violence or denunciation to the authorities, the UN agency said.
Thailand — the world's third largest fish exporter by value, with sales worth around $7 billion a year — is under international pressure to respond to reports of fishermen forced to work as virtual slaves under brutal conditions.
"This study does find serious abuses within the sector. The vast majority of workers were in irregular status and thus more vulnerable to exploitation," said ILO senior program officer Max Tunon.
While 10 percent of respondents reported being severely beaten on board boats, more than a quarter said they worked or were on call between 17 and 24 hours a day.
The average wage was 6,483 baht ($200) a month among the sample of 596 people, while only one of the migrant fishermen had a work permit. The survey found seven children under 15 years old, and 26 teenagers aged 15-17.
Conditions for fishermen on long-haul vessels were worse than for those who regularly returned to shore, the survey found, with a quarter reporting having been deceived or coerced into working at sea.
Tunon said the study focused on those in short-haul boats, with those trapped at sea "in the worst conditions" not necessarily included.
"It would be expected that if we interviewed just people at sea for a long period of time the picture would look worse," he said.
The report said the fishing industry as a whole — which includes lucrative fish and shrimp farming and packaging sectors — accounts for around 1.2 percent of Thailand's economy.
But declining fish stocks have pushed boats farther out to sea in search of catch, increasing their fuel costs.
"With pressures on seafood suppliers to reduce costs by every means available, a race to the bottom on labour costs has been created for the Thai seafood industry," the report said.
"When coupled with the increased vulnerability of undocumented migrant workers to forced labor, an enabling environment for such abuses to become systematic now exists."
The ILO said an estimated 50,000 shortfall in the number of fishermen required by the industry was "both a cause and an effect of the abusive labor practices" in the sector.
It said complications in the registration process hampered access to work permits, while there was "inadequate access to justice" for migrant fishermen, but noted that Thailand had introduced a number of new initiatives to try to coordinate its response to abuses in the sector.
Both the European Union and United States, which are major markets for Thai seafood products, have vowed to jointly combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.
Thailand has languished towards the bottom of the annual US trafficking in person's report and must improve its efforts on combating forced labor or face relegation next year — which could trigger cuts in non-humanitarian and non-trade American aid.
International firms are also becoming more wary of association with suppliers who may use forced labor and trafficking, the ILO said.
It cited a petition of almost 100,000 signatures demanding that Walmart adopt higher standards after the US retail giant was linked to a Thai seafood firm at the center of accusations of "abusive labor practices".
BN


Clic here to read the story from its source.