Egypt's sugar plant, the biggest in the world, to produce 900,000 tons    Egypt's unemployment rate drops to 7.2%    Egypt's exports of food industries increase 5% in Q1    Egypt-first to have new climate targets ahead of UN summit    Egypt uncovers official logo for COP27    Ukrainian people say goodbye to Leonid Kravchuk – first elected president    Noura Al-Mutair – first Gulf female boxer in World Championships    Egypt unveils 50 pound coin minted to mark Avenue of Sphinxes grand reopening    Canada's Robert Oliphant starts Egypt, Morocco visit today    Liverpool fans: "You'll Never Walk Alone" to Cristiano Ronaldo    Hot, rainy weather hits Egypt this week    COVID-19 in Egypt: infections fall to 124 cases last week    Realme announces Global Photography Contest 2022    Egypt to play key role in integrating water, climate issues globally – World Bank official    AstraZeneca to boost Egypt investment 50% in three years    Egypt's telecoms regulator announces working hours for holy month of Ramadan    Maha karara joins AAIB as Head of Corporate Communications, Sustainability    Egypt works on charting cooperation strategies with international institutions for 5 years: Al-Mashat    Over 2.4 million newborns examined for hearing impairment: Health Ministry    Netflix releases trailer of Arab adaption of 'Perfect Strangers' film    Balqees to headline concert celebrating launch of streaming giant LIVENow in MENA    Sawsan Badr to be honoured at Aswan Women Film Festival    MP Abdel Hady Al-Qasby calls government to facilitate and support NGOs    Al-Sisi follows up on 'Great Transfiguration Project' in St. Catherine    Cairo, London stress need to strengthen cooperation to face climate change    Foreigners account for 22.6% of Egypt's T-bills issuances in 1H 2021: CBE    Egypt's ambassador to Italy passes away    Egypt confirms readiness to help African countries face terrorism and extremism    An estimated 235 million people needed humanitarian assistance and protection in 2021, an increase of 40% compared to 2020: IOM Egypt    Egypt, DRC discuss water cooperation during WYF    Egypt, DR Congo discuss boosting bilateral cooperation during WYF    Cameroonian police probe assault on three Algerian journalists covering AFCON    Pharaohs start AFCON 2021 campaign with fierce clash against Nigeria    Foreign Ministry opens capacity building course for French-speaking African diplomats    Egypt's trade with Nile basin countries climbs 26% y-o-y in 9 months    Ethiopia halts work at its embassy in Egypt for 'economic reasons'    Russia says it's in sync with US, China, Pakistan on Taliban    It's a bit frustrating to draw at home: Real Madrid keeper after Villarreal game    Shoukry reviews with Guterres Egypt's efforts to achieve SDGs, promote human rights    Sudan says countries must cooperate on vaccines    Johnson & Johnson: Second shot boosts antibodies and protection against COVID-19    Egypt to tax bloggers, YouTubers    Egypt's FM asserts importance of stability in Libya, holding elections as scheduled    We mustn't lose touch: Muller after Bayern win in Bundesliga    Egypt records 36 new deaths from Covid-19, highest since mid June    Egypt sells $3 bln US-dollar dominated eurobonds    Gamal Hanafy's ceramic exhibition at Gezira Arts Centre is a must go    Italian Institute Director Davide Scalmani presents activities of the Cairo Institute for ITALIANA.IT platform    

Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.

Environmental Voices: The path for climate change beyond Cancun
Published in Almasry Alyoum on 02 - 01 - 2011

The UN Climate Change Conference--recently held in Cancun, Mexico--delivered what is considered to be a balanced package of decisions in the form of the ‘Cancun Agreements' to serve as a foundation for future talks.
After serious concerns about the longevity of the UN multilateral system since the fiasco in Copenhagen in 2009, many are now optimistic about what seems to be a regained faith in the system after Cancun.
Yet others believe that Cancun didn't go far enough. Governments renewed their trust in each other, but to succeed fully they must press boldly ahead with what they have agreed.
Most analysts say the accords were enough to rescue the dying negotiating process from potential collapse, but deferred the most painful decisions for at least one more year.
As a result, from a political point of view there is a lot of optimism, but from a scientific point of view there is not. This is because the Cancun agreement is too weak on emission cuts and, as things stand, the world will probably see temperatures rise beyond the 2C or 1.5C levels that most nations say they want.
So, as climate change remains a pressing threat and the pace of the multilateral system (working or not) is not fast enough to address the environmental issues at hand, where do we go from here ?
Certainly, South Africa--host of the next round of talks under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to be held in Durban at the end of 2011--has much work ahead in adding flesh to the Cancun Agreements and coming out with a legally binding treaty, considering the several important issues that remain outstanding.
Durban might also require all-night marathons to achieve an agreement.
Developed and developing countries remain divided, with developing countries taking the view that while rich countries are calling upon them to pledge emission reduction targets, they are not pledging enough themselves--though developing countries do not carry a historical responsibility in causing climate change.
There is also a point of contention regarding the finances involved for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
The Cancun deal took into account the 2009 Copenhagen Accord, under which developed countries pledged US$30 billion as fast-start finance for adaptation and mitigation efforts from 2010 to 2012. But the accord has already generated a lot of acrimony among developing countries, who have accused rich countries of ‘double counting' their official development assistance (ODA) as support for climate change efforts. This issue must be resolved.
Finally, another unresolved issue from Cancun is the request to have a second commitment period to the Kyoto Protocol, which will end in 2012. Developing countries want to ensure that the rules and mechanisms laid out in the Kyoto Protocol will continue beyond 2012, giving them incentives to reduce their emissions.
The problem is that there is strong opposition from certain key developed countries such as Japan, Canada, and Russia. These countries are unwilling to commit to a second Kyoto Protocol commitment period without having comparable commitments set out in another agreement imposed upon non-Kyoto signatories such as the US. This is another contentious issue postponed until Durban.
The concern is essentially that Durban will be the last chance to save the Kyoto Protocol before it expires in 2012. As this is currently the only legally binding agreement on climate change, we cannot afford to lose it. Without it, there will only be a series of agreements which stand as political commitments, but are not legally binding.
So from now until the Durban meeting later this year, there is an urgent need for countries to continue to develop national action plans to curb climate change independent of the results of the UNFCCC negotiations. In bringing these national action plans to the international arena, we stand to strengthen the negotiating process.
This article is part of Al-Masry Al-Youm's weekly "Environmental Voices" series, in which issues related to the environment--whether local, regional or international in nature--will be discussed from the point of view of environmental experts.

Clic here to read the story from its source.