UAE's ADNOC obtains $425m in H1 profits fueled by higher fuel demand    etisalat by e& conducts first 6GHz test in MENA region    Egypt establishes independent fund for Suez Canal    Egypt, South Korea to perform Pyramids Air Show 2022 Today    Egypt: Sisi appoints 73 female judges in the Court of First Instance    Egypt closer to export COVID vaccines after reaching 2nd highest WHO classification    Spain: prosecutor seeks 8 years sentence for Shakira over tax evasion    Egypt: Alamein Art Festival kicks off a collection of recycled installations    Russia delivers test kits of monkeypox to Egypt    John Legend enjoys family trip in Egypt    Sisi: Egypt wants to join BRICS    Egypt: street photography will no longer require permits    Sisi: Egypt determined to transition to low-carbon economy    Sisi, Biden discuss cooperation between two countries    Egypt's athlete Basma Emad wins bronze in weightlifting in Mediterranean Games    Congo needs Egypt's expertise to diversify its economy – FPI official    Noura Al-Mutair – first Gulf female boxer in World Championships    Egypt to play key role in integrating water, climate issues globally – World Bank official    Maha karara joins AAIB as Head of Corporate Communications, Sustainability    Egypt works on charting cooperation strategies with international institutions for 5 years: Al-Mashat    Over 2.4 million newborns examined for hearing impairment: Health Ministry    Netflix releases trailer of Arab adaption of 'Perfect Strangers' film    Balqees to headline concert celebrating launch of streaming giant LIVENow in MENA    Sawsan Badr to be honoured at Aswan Women Film Festival    MP Abdel Hady Al-Qasby calls government to facilitate and support NGOs    Al-Sisi follows up on 'Great Transfiguration Project' in St. Catherine    Cairo, London stress need to strengthen cooperation to face climate change    Foreigners account for 22.6% of Egypt's T-bills issuances in 1H 2021: CBE    Egypt's ambassador to Italy passes away    Egypt confirms readiness to help African countries face terrorism and extremism    An estimated 235 million people needed humanitarian assistance and protection in 2021, an increase of 40% compared to 2020: IOM Egypt    Egypt, DRC discuss water cooperation during WYF    Egypt, DR Congo discuss boosting bilateral cooperation during WYF    Cameroonian police probe assault on three Algerian journalists covering AFCON    Pharaohs start AFCON 2021 campaign with fierce clash against Nigeria    Foreign Ministry opens capacity building course for French-speaking African diplomats    Russia says it's in sync with US, China, Pakistan on Taliban    It's a bit frustrating to draw at home: Real Madrid keeper after Villarreal game    Shoukry reviews with Guterres Egypt's efforts to achieve SDGs, promote human rights    Sudan says countries must cooperate on vaccines    Johnson & Johnson: Second shot boosts antibodies and protection against COVID-19    Egypt to tax bloggers, YouTubers    Egypt's FM asserts importance of stability in Libya, holding elections as scheduled    We mustn't lose touch: Muller after Bayern win in Bundesliga    Egypt records 36 new deaths from Covid-19, highest since mid June    Egypt sells $3 bln US-dollar dominated eurobonds    Gamal Hanafy's ceramic exhibition at Gezira Arts Centre is a must go    Italian Institute Director Davide Scalmani presents activities of the Cairo Institute for ITALIANA.IT platform    

Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.

Factbox: Ethiopia's main ethnic groups
Published in Ahram Online on 16 - 02 - 2018

Ethiopia's Prime Minister quit on Thursday, saying he wanted to smooth the route to further political reforms. The government is dominated by the EPRDF coalition led by ethnic Tigrayans.
Hailemariam Desalegn's unexpected resignation followed unrest in the Horn of Africa country initially sparked by opposition in the central Oromiya region to an urban development plan that ethnic Oromos said would encroach on their land.
The anger broadened into wider public protests, while bouts of ethnic clashes have also taken place, displacing hundreds of thousands since September.
Following are key facts about the main ethnic groups in Ethiopia, Africa's second most populous nation and a racially diverse country that took its present form from territorial expansions of the 19th century:
Oromos: Oromos make up 34 percent of Ethiopia's 100 million people but have not held power in its modern history. Analysts say the violence has triggered a resurgence of ethnic Oromo nationalism.
Following recent unrest, much of it in the Oromia region, Ethiopia's new premier is expected to hail from the province.
Amharas: Amharas were the traditional rulers under the era of Ethiopian monarchy that ended with the Soviet-backed overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974.
Ethiopia's second largest ethnic group with at least 20 million people, the Amhara claim they are increasingly politically marginalised. The highest-ranking Amhara in the ruling coalition is Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen.
Amharas hail from the northern and central highlands.
Tigrayans: Tigrayans account for just 6 percent of the population but have dominated politics and the security forces since Tigrayan rebels under Meles Zenawi toppled Marxist military leader Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991.
Tigrayan officials dismiss claims of unbridled control over the ruling coalition, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), but acknowledge the necessity to widen the political space.
Tigray is the northernmost of Ethiopia's nine regions.
SNNPR: The Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region, located in the southwest abutting Kenya and South Sudan, is home to more than 40 ethnic groups, including Hailemariam's Wollayta.
Defence Minister Siraj Fegesa is also from the SNNP.
Somalis: The dry and arid Somali region, also known as the Ogaden, occupies the eastern third of the country and is home to 6 million people.
It has a history of separatist rebellion against Addis Ababa, fuelled in large part by resentment at its low level of development. However, its recent leadership has been seen as closely linked to Hailemariam and Meles Zenawi before him.

Clic here to read the story from its source.