EU keeps UK waiting on Brexit delay, Johnson gears for an election    African continent is one of the main markets attracting investment and trade    EU lawmakers reject Turkey's 'safe zone' in Syria, eye sanctions steps    Putin aims to boost Moscow's clout with Russia-Africa summit    River reaches Copa Libertadores final despite loss at Boca    Germany may grant UK short Brexit extension to allow smooth ratification    Guardiola backs 'extraordinary' Sterling to keep on improving    Manchester United ban supporter for alleged racist abuse in Liverpool draw    Cairo to host Munich Security Conference follow-up meeting this week    Egypt's Investment Minister praises China's Belt, Road initiative    Gold moves sideways as investors seek clarity on Brexit, trade war    Oil drops after data shows bigger-than-expected build in U.S. inventory    European markets mostly lower as Brexit hits another roadblock    Deploying all tools for GERD    Selling water and electricity to Egypt    ‘Uncovering the potential for cooperation'    Cairo drowning    Taxes on the bourse    Liverpool's Egyptian star Mohamed Salah among 2019 Ballon d'Or nominees    Egypt's parliament endorses €205 mln loan deal with EBRD to upgrade Cairo Metro's first line    Egypt's train fares to not increase until developing services – minister    Liverpool's Egyptian winger Salah ruled out of Manchester United clash    WHO hails 'triumph' as Ebola vaccine gets European green light    Current and ex smokers may lower lung cancer risk with exercise    France's President Macron receives Egypt's Coptic Pope Tawadros II at Elysee    After a young pupil dies of meningitis in Egypt, tips to help prevention    Grand Nile Tower Arts & Cultural Centre launches second round    Egypt's coach Hossam El-Badry satisfied with winning start despite technical problems    Luxor's new discoveries    Moroccan film Nomades scoops awards in Alexandria Film Festival    Six authors vie for Booker prize 2019, Atwood in the lead    In Photos: A sneak peek into rehearsals for the Cleopatra ballet world premiere    Sisi: army engaged in attrition phase against terrorism in Sinai since 2013    Sisi, Ethiopia's PM to meet in Moscow to discuss GERD issue    Sisi, Ethiopia's PM agree to overcome obstacles in Nile dam talks    Farwell to Egyptian comic actor Talaat Zakaria    Court sentences six to death, 41 to lifetime imprisonment violence related case    Trump says he would release Mideast peace plan after Israeli elections    ACWA Power compares 3 bids to supply production units for Luxor power station    What do you know about gold alloying?    NBE announces EGP 2.5m prizes for handball youth teams for their world achievements    Jennifer Lopez evokes Egyptian outrage post her North Coast performance    Al-Sisi honours Egypt's scholars on Science Day    IS claims responsibility for suicide bombing killing 63 in Afghan wedding    Political parties gear up for parliamentary, senate, local elections    Unprecedented Glory: Egypt win Men's U-19 World Handball Championship    12th National Egyptian Theatre Festival fuel up public theatre art scene    Ministry of Environment has a plan for "black clouds season"    







Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.





Comprehensive security
Published in Al-Ahram Weekly on 14 - 02 - 2019

Egypt's participation in the annual Munich Security Conference, which concluded early this week, was an important opportunity to present the vision of its leadership on major political, economic and security challenges facing the Middle East region and the world.
Egypt is a country that dynamically interacts with its Arab and African surroundings, and effectively plays a pivotal role in the pursuit of security, stability and development in both the Middle East and Africa. Earlier in February, Egypt was handed the one-year rotating presidency of the African Union, which added to its responsibilities highlighting the concerns of the African peoples who yearn to achieve stability, progress and development.
The Munich conference was held this year amid growing challenges and dangers, including the continued existence of hotbeds of conflict, prevalence of terrorism and extremism, and escalating rates of organised crime. All these challenges not only put intense pressure on the core concept of the nation-state, but also augur collapse of its institutions in a way that endangers the peoples' resources, security and stability. These challenges have been compounded by polarisation and the intensification of political confrontations engulfing the international order, not to mention the impact of natural hazards, namely climate change, desertification and water scarcity, among others. This requires strengthening international efforts in view of the fact that present-day challenges are beyond the capacities of any state to confront or contain alone, while geographical boundaries are rendered irrelevant by many of them.
These challenges are manifested clearly in the Middle East as well as the African continent. We witness nowadays armed conflicts, civil wars, ethnic clashes and terrorist attacks, not to mention the problems of poverty, unemployment, low productivity and the declining standard of services. Added to that are economic crises, financial market instability, capital inflow conditionality and exacerbating debt problems. Therefore, handling such problems requires genuine international cooperation with the primary aim of ending armed conflicts.
No other conflict in the Middle East region, if not in the world, has consumed so many years, wars, and caused such tremendous suffering for millions of human beings as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The core reason behind this conflict is Israel's illegal occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories. Thus, the formula Palestinians, and Arab countries, have insisted on for decades is simple: land for peace. Indeed, in recent years, namely following the “Arab Spring” in 2011, many new problems and conflicts surfaced, particularly the disintegration of several nation states and the rise of regional powers that sought to exploit the security vacuum. Both Turkey and Iran have sought to benefit from the current chaos in several Arab countries. Nevertheless, the fact that the Palestinian conflict remained unresolved provides more sources for instability in the region, and allows both regional powers to add to the chaos, particularly along sectarian and religious lines that became prominent over recent years.
Finding a just solution for the Palestinian plight, based mainly on the Palestinian people's right to self-determination and to have their own independent state with East Jerusalem as its capital, has been a cornerstone of Egyptian foreign policy for decades, and will continue to be so. Domestically, there are other fields of priority, namely entrenching the concepts of good governance, protecting human rights in their comprehensive meaning, empowering women who make up half of society, upgrading education and health, developing infrastructure and agriculture, boosting rural development, creating job opportunities, increasing investment, promoting trade and strengthening regional integration and incorporation.
Finally, Egypt has been involved in a relentless war against terrorism. There is no doubt that terrorism has become an international phenomenon with increasing risks that lead to the destabilisation of societies. This requires everyone to make genuine efforts to uproot this abhorrent phenomenon, which is the first threat to the pursuit of development, including tightening the noose around terrorist groups and organisations, or the countries that either turn a blind eye to it, or even flagrantly support terror as a means to achieve political goals and regional ambitions.
Egypt needed no reminders on the dangers terrorist groups pose to security, both domestically, regionally and internationally. However, the terrorist attack that took place in northern Sinai earlier this week, leading to the martyrdom of one army officer and 14 soldiers, confirmed that we still have a long way to go in confronting the plague of terrorism. What is required is not only security solutions, but more regional and international cooperation, as well as genuine effort towards religious reform that would drain these terrorist groups and prevent more young people from joining their ranks.
That's the ambitious vision Egypt presented in Munich, and will continue working hard to put it into practice.


Clic here to read the story from its source.