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Wall or no wall, yet
Published in Al-Ahram Weekly on 14 - 02 - 2019

US congressional negotiators Monday reached a tentative deal to try to avert another partial government shutdown Saturday, but congressional aides said it did not contain the $5.7 billion President Donald Trump wants for a border wall.
“We reached an agreement in principle” on funding border security programmes through 30 September, Republican Senator Richard Shelby told reporters.
“Our staffs are going to be working feverishly to put all the particulars together,” Shelby said. Neither he nor three other senior lawmakers flanking him provided any details of the tentative agreement.
But it was far from clear if the Republican president would embrace the deal. His December demand for $5.7 billion this year to help pay for a wall on the US-Mexico border — rejected by congressional Democrats — triggered a 35-day partial government shutdown that ended last month without him getting his wall funding.
A congressional aide, who asked not to be identified, said the outline of the deal included $1.37 billion for erecting new fencing along the southern border. That is about the same amount Congress allocated last year, and far below what Trump has demanded.
The aide said none of the money would be for a “wall”, which Trump has been touting since he launched his campaign for president in 2016. Democrats say the wall would be costly and ineffective.
Two other congressional sources said only currently deployed designs could be used for constructing 55 miles (90 kilometres) of additional barriers. Those designs, which include “steel bollard” fencing, have been in use since before Trump became president.
Shortly after the deal was reached in the US Capitol, Trump held a rally in the border city of El Paso, Texas, to argue for the wall he says can protect Americans from violent criminals, drugs and a “tremendous onslaught” of migrant caravans.
Trump said he heard about progress in the talks just before he took the stage, but he, too, did not discuss details. “Just so you know — we're building the wall anyway,” he said. “Maybe progress has been made — maybe not.”
Beto O'Rourke, the former Democratic congressman from Texas considering a 2020 White House run, held a counter-rally just 200 yards away and accused Trump of stoking “false fear” about immigrants and telling “lies” about O'Rourke's hometown of El Paso.
“We stand for America and we stand against a wall,” O'Rourke told a crowd of several thousand supporters, many waving “Beto 2020” signs and wearing “Immigrants Make America Great” baseball caps. “Walls do not save lives, they end lives,” he told the cheering crowd.
O'Rourke added, “with a president who describes Mexican immigrants as rapists and criminals, we have a chance to tell him and the country that immigrants commit crime at a lower rate than Americans who are born in this country,” he said to shouts of “Beto, Beto.”
But a vocal group of conservatives influential with Trump has urged him to remain steadfast in his demand for the border wall money. In comments about the tentative congressional deal reached Monday, Fox News commentator Sean Hannity told his viewers: “Any Republican that supports this garbage compromise, you will have to explain.”
Under Monday's agreement, which must be fleshed out by congressional staff experts, Democrats gave up on a demand they floated Friday night to lower the cap on immigrant detention beds in the interior of the United States.
Democrats had complained the Trump administration was increasing detention capacity as a way of speeding up deportations of illegal immigrants, some of whom were seeking asylum under US law.
But an overall cap — on borders and in the interior — would remain at 40,520 beds. The aide said that despite that cap, the number had actually grown to 49,057 and that under the deal it would be brought down to the legal cap. But one of the other aides said the deal would give Trump the flexibility to increase the number to 52,000 if necessary.
Democratic Representative Nita Lowey said Monday night: “I hope by Wednesday we'll have a finished product.”
Trump agreed to reopen the government last month for three weeks to allow congressional negotiators time to find a compromise on government funding for the rest of the fiscal year, which ends 30 September, to avert another shutdown.
The handful of lawmakers leading the negotiations met privately for about two hours Monday. They said they wanted to seal a plan by Monday night to allow time for the legislation to pass the House of Representatives and Senate and get Trump's signature by Friday, when funding is due to expire for the Department of Homeland Security, the Justice Department and several other federal agencies.
Without a new injection of federal funds, an array of federal agencies would have to suspend some activities, ranging from the maintenance of national parks to publication of economic data that is important to financial markets.
During the record-long partial government shutdown, which ran from 22 December to 25 January, 800,000 federal workers went without pay, even though many of them were required to report to work.
The shutdown ended shortly after a shortage of federal air traffic controllers triggered delays of hundreds of flights at airports in the New York and Philadelphia areas.
In recent weeks, Trump has threatened to declare a “national emergency” if Congress did not give him money to build a border wall. He says that would allow him to use existing funds for other activities to build a wall, an idea that Democrats and many Republicans in Congress oppose.
National polls show the wall is not popular with the majority of voters. A Reuters/IPSOS survey found only 43 per cent of the US public supported additional border fencing.
By the time Al-Ahram Weekly went to print, it remained unclear what will happen next.
But with Trump revelling in the embrace of his adoring, partisan crowd, it's quite possible that he returned to the White House with his base-baiting instincts replenished.
Meanwhile, he seems to be keeping his options open. To embrace the agreement reached in tortuous congressional negotiations, Trump would have to try to spin a clear loss as a win — a tactic he seemed to hint at during his rally. As his crowd belted out “Build the wall”, Trump tried to grope for a way out: “You really mean ‘finish that wall,' because we have built a lot of it.”
He also declined to go into details on the deal in an interview with conservative Fox News pundit Laura Ingraham, who has a proven track record of influencing him on immigration matters.
“A lot of things have changed. I can't go into detail — I just heard it very quickly coming over to see you,” Trump told Ingraham, before the rally.
Emphasising the scale of his dilemma, his conservative allies in the House began to mobilise against the deal. “While the president was giving a great speech in El Paso, Congress was putting together a bad deal on immigration,” tweeted House Freedom Caucus Co-founder Representative Jim Jordan, an Ohio Republican.
Conservative media coverage of the deal will most certainly be a crucial factor. If the reviews stink, the president could be emboldened to go ahead with a third way forward — flexing executive power to fund the wall.
At his rally, he appeared to keep that option open, too. “It's called we are setting the stage,” Trump said, before adding: “We need the wall, and it has to be built and we want to build it fast... Walls save lives.”

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