Parliament committee to address problem of stray dogs in Egypt    Lebanon PM Hariri agrees reform package in bid to resolve economic crisis: Official sources tell Reuters    EU plays for time as Johnson spars with UK parliament on Brexit    Shell Egypt to sell assets in Western Desert to focus on offshore exploration    Turkey and Russia to discuss removal of Kurdish militia from Syrian towns    Senegal's Generation Foot show up in Cairo for 'take-two' against Zamalek    WHO hails 'triumph' as Ebola vaccine gets European green light    Current and ex smokers may lower lung cancer risk with exercise    Bayern Munich defender Suele sidelined with torn cruciate ligament    Canada's Trudeau, main rival trade attacks as campaign come to conclusion    Live score: Manchester United v Liverpool (English Premier League)    Egypt's Sisi praises SCC's role in protecting justice, rights, freedoms    Egypt is first destination for foreign investments in Africa: World Bank    Leather exports fall 31.5% in 8 months due to global demand – official    Egypt's Qalaa Holdings to operate 100% of refinery units in January – official    France's President Macron receives Egypt's Coptic Pope Tawadros II at Elysee    Egypt inks deal with Euroclear Bank to upgrade public debt management    Egypt's Cooperative Insurance Society to cover NGOs clients' loans    After a young pupil dies of meningitis in Egypt, tips to help prevention    Turkey plans presence across northeast Syria: Erdogan    Egypt's PM urges US's ADTRAN Inc. to invest in communications equipment    French President Macron receives Egypt's Coptic Pope Tawadros II at Elysee    Egypt urges its citizens in Lebanon to exercise caution as protests continue    'Passports should be valid for six months,' Egypt's foreign ministry advises citizens planning travel abroad    Grand Nile Tower Arts & Cultural Centre launches second round    Egypt's coach Hossam El-Badry satisfied with winning start despite technical problems    Luxor's new discoveries    Moroccan film Nomades scoops awards in Alexandria Film Festival    Toshiba's JV with Egyptian Elaraby opens regional HQ in South Africa    Six authors vie for Booker prize 2019, Atwood in the lead    In Photos: A sneak peek into rehearsals for the Cleopatra ballet world premiere    Sisi, Ethiopia's PM to meet in Moscow to discuss GERD issue    Sisi: army engaged in attrition phase against terrorism in Sinai since 2013    10K fans to attend Egypt's friendly against Botswana in Alexandria: EFA    Sisi, Ethiopia's PM agree to overcome obstacles in Nile dam talks    Farwell to Egyptian comic actor Talaat Zakaria    Court sentences six to death, 41 to lifetime imprisonment violence related case    Trump says he would release Mideast peace plan after Israeli elections    ACWA Power compares 3 bids to supply production units for Luxor power station    What do you know about gold alloying?    NBE announces EGP 2.5m prizes for handball youth teams for their world achievements    Jennifer Lopez evokes Egyptian outrage post her North Coast performance    Al-Sisi honours Egypt's scholars on Science Day    IS claims responsibility for suicide bombing killing 63 in Afghan wedding    Political parties gear up for parliamentary, senate, local elections    Unprecedented Glory: Egypt win Men's U-19 World Handball Championship    12th National Egyptian Theatre Festival fuel up public theatre art scene    Ministry of Environment has a plan for "black clouds season"    

Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.

Will India cease to be a surrogacy hub?
Published in Daily News Egypt on 25 - 11 - 2015

India is planning to ban the use of surrogate mothers for foreign couples. But experts say that implementing the proposed ban would be difficult as the surrogacy business brings in a substantial amount of revenue.
The practice of commercial surrogacy – when women are paid to carry and deliver babies for people who cannot conceive them biologically – is banned in most Western countries. The only European countries where surrogacy is legal are Russia and Ukraine.
However, the situation is different in India. With its cheap medical technology, skilled doctors, and a steady supply of local surrogates, it is one of the few nations in the world where women can be paid to deliver birth for other people.
As a result, thousands of fertility centers have opened up across the country, and consequently, India has become a major surrogacy hub where thousands of foreign couples come in the hope of having a baby.
But now the Indian government plans to present a bill in parliament next month, called the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Bill, which effectively stops foreigners from availing surrogacy services in India. Only deserving infertile Indian couples would be exempted from this proposed ban.
"It is a good step. The poor and vulnerable women are being exploited in the name of surrogacy and paid a very small amount for renting out their wombs. A majority of these women don't understand the legal documents being drawn up for their services," Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, Director General of the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR), told DW.
The ICMR has documented several case studies which found that during the period of pregnancy surrogates are exposed to conditions that put them at grave risk.
A lucrative business
The proposed law gives authorities the power to visit fertility clinics without advanced notice as well as to demand access to hospital records, including confidential information about couples seeking surrogacy services.
But not everyone is convinced that banning commercial surrogacy for foreigners will be effective considering the vast amount of money pumped into the industry, which is estimated to be growing by 20 percent annually.
"It has grown into an industry worth over $2 billion, and according to some estimates, 6,000 surrogate babies are being born in India every year. The industry is largely unregulated and is similar to trafficking," Dr. Puneet Bedi, a Delhi-based obstetrician, told DW.
In countries where surrogacy is allowed, the procedure is extremely expensive. In the United States, it costs around $70,000. In comparison, India offers much cheaper services, at about $12,000.
"There will always be loopholes in the law which will be exploited. For instance, India has banned sex-determination tests but they continue to take place in the country," Dr. Kiran Jadhav, a gynecologist, told DW.
Surrogacy supporters
At the same time, Dr. Nayna Patel, a commercial surrogacy specialist, argues that the practice is helping India's poor women.
"These women are doing it willingly. Surrogacy and egg donation are legitimate choices that women make in return for financial compensation," Dr. Patel told DW.
Some criticize the proposed ban and say it is synonymous with curtailing "medical tourism" in the country. Taking all these aspects into consideration, it remains unclear whether the government will be able to get parliament's approval and effectively implement the ban.

Clic here to read the story from its source.