US allocates additional grant of $16.5 mln to support Egypt's education, agribusiness    Palestinian Wadi scores hat-trick as Masry rout Malindi 4-1 in Confederation Cup    Tennis: Egypt suffers a bitter loss against Slovenia in Davis Cup    Egyptian gov't working to remove trash in Ismailia    'Al-Daheeh' host Ahmed El-Ghandour shortlisted for IBC's first 'Young Pioneer' award    Egypt forces kill group of terrorists in North Sinai, four policemen wounded: Ministry    Egypt sets 2022 GDP growth target of 8% – PM    Iran dismisses as ‘pointless' U.S. claims about Aramco attacks    U.S, European regulators reviewing safety of heartburn drugs like Zantac    'We can't win all the time,' says glum Guardiola    Cleanup resumes in Bahamas as Humberto swirls away    Egypt's supply ministry to kick off first trade forum with Italy on Sunday    Ukraine poised to seal 3-year IMF loan of $5bn    Egypt's Zamalek suffer surprise 2-1 defeat at Senegal's Generation Foot    California's governor aims to veto U.S. Trump insurance bill    British prime minister's aide divides, but will he conquer?    Foreign investments in Egypt's treasuries at $20bn August-end    Egypt's Sisi discusses education, terrorism at national youth conference    Egypt condemns drone attack on two Saudi oil facilities    LG Electronics targets $300 million sales in Egypt in 2020    Egypt's eighth National Youth Conference discusses effects of publishing lies on the state    Kenya is now the third African country to introduce malaria vaccine    Egypt's Sisi inaugurates the eighth National Youth Conference    Sisi to open 8th edition of the National Youth Conference Saturday    Fire breaks out on tanker at Norway's Sture oil terminal    Spotify buys music production marketplace SoundBetter    In 'Women Make Film,' a 14-hr epic of an overlooked history    Egypt's Ahly striker Amr Gamal joins Talae El-Geish for 2 seasons    Shikabala left out of Egypt's Zamalek squad for Generation Foot clash    Egypt's Sisi issues four presidential decrees for private universities    Egypt, UK sign deal to establish branch of London School of Economics at New Administrative Capital    8th edition of Egypt's National Youth Conference to start Sunday    Egypt, Italy ink $4.3mn deal for solid waste recycling programme    Egypt's PM discusses details of Al-Hussein Mosque renovation    Egypt's Baron Empain Palace to be reopen after renovation    Court sentences six to death, 41 to lifetime imprisonment violence related case    Trump says he would release Mideast peace plan after Israeli elections    NBE announces EGP 2.5m prizes for handball youth teams for their world achievements    ACWA Power compares 3 bids to supply production units for Luxor power station    What do you know about gold alloying?    Jennifer Lopez evokes Egyptian outrage post her North Coast performance    Cairo's historic Tahrir square to be renovated – PM    Al-Sisi honours Egypt's scholars on Science Day    IS claims responsibility for suicide bombing killing 63 in Afghan wedding    Political parties gear up for parliamentary, senate, local elections    Unprecedented Glory: Egypt win Men's U-19 World Handball Championship    12th National Egyptian Theatre Festival fuel up public theatre art scene    Ministry of Environment has a plan for "black clouds season"    

Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.

2018 worst year on record for children caught up in armed conflict: UN report
Increased numbers of child abduction cases in South Sudan, Syria
Published in Daily News Egypt on 05 - 08 - 2019

Children caught up in armed conflicts witnessed the highest numbers in deaths, and injuries in 2018, marking it as the worst year on record, according to a recent report by the United Nations (UN).
More than 12,000 children were killed or maimed in that year, during the 20 conflict situations monitored in the 2018 edition of the Annual Report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict.
The report indicates that around 2,493 children were abducted in 2018, noting that the highest numbers of abductions took place in Somalia 1,609, Congo 367, and Nigeria 180.
Furthermore, increased numbers of abductions were verified in South Sudan with 109, Syria 69, the Central African 62, the Sudan 22 and the Philippines 13.
Children were abducted from homes, schools and public spaces by parties to the conflict, often as a precursor to other grave violations, notably recruitment, and sexual abuse, including sexual slavery, in Congo, Nigeria and Syria, the report indicates.
"Children continue to be used in combat, particularly in Somalia, Nigeria and Syria: around 7,000 children have been drawn into frontline fighting roles around the world, during 2018. They also continue to be abducted, to be used in hostilities or for sexual violence, more than half of the 2,500 reported cases were in Somalia," UN' Secretary-General António Guterres said.
Moreover, around 933 cases of sexual violence against boys and girls were reported, the report indicates.
“But this is believed to be an under-estimate, due to lack of access, stigma and fear of reprisals,” it adds.
However, attacks on schools and hospitals have decreased overall, but have intensified in some conflict situations, such as Afghanistan and Syria, which has seen the highest number of such attacks since the beginning of the conflict in the country, the report indicates.
Mali provides the most serious example of children being deprived of access to education, and the military use of schools, as 827 schools in have been closed in the country at the end of December 2018, denying some 244,00 children access to education, the report mentioned.
"It is immensely sad that children continue to be disproportionately affected by armed conflict, and it is horrific to see them killed and maimed as a result of hostilities", Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba, commented, noting that "Parties to conflict must protect children and put in place tangible measures to end and prevent these violations."
Detention and release of children involved in conflicts
Rather than being seen as victims of recruitment, thousands of children around the world were detained for their actual or alleged association with armed groups in 2018, the report said.
It cites Syria and Iraq as two examples, where, the majority of children deprived of their liberty are under the age of five.
The report calls on nations to work with the UN to help relocate foreign children and women actually or allegedly affiliated with extremist groups, with the best interests of the child as the primary consideration.
The number of children benefiting from release and reintegration support, however, rose in 2018 to 13,600 (up from 12,000 in 2017). The report recommends increased resources and funding to meet the growing needs, as more children are separated from armed groups.
Peace remains the best protection for children
“Peace remains the best protection for children affected by armed conflict,” Guterres, asserted.
Consequently, three Action Plans to end and prevent violations, and protect children, have been signed, following engagement with parties to conflicts in 2018, the report indicates.
Two countries have been involved with the UN-sponsored Action Plans, namely; Central Africa, where two armed groups signed up to Action Plans; and Syria, where the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) agreed to a deal.
Furthermore, the report indicates that progress has also been made on increased child protection and ending child recruitment in Yemen and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In his statement, the Secretary-General reminded all parties to the conflict of their responsibility to protect children, adding that they must "refrain from directing attacks against civilians, including children", and reiterating that "peace remains the best protection for children affected by armed conflict."

Clic here to read the story from its source.