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Egypt in 2050
Published in Al-Ahram Weekly on 13 - 12 - 2018

The 2018 Africa Forum captured the attention of the media this week.
Makram Mohamed Ahmed noted that Sharm Al-Sheikh had recently been the venue for several important meetings including the Youth Forum last month.
Mohamed Ahmed wrote that more than 3,000 people, 800 international companies, 90 countries and 120 speakers took part in the Africa Forum.
He said the forum, which held 21sessions, focused on providing support for young entrepreneurs, enhancing the role of the African woman and enabling her to contribute in building her state.
“The main purpose of the forum was to boost investment in the continent and strengthen cooperation between the COMESSA and the East African Bloc, an important step towards implementing the Free Trade Agreement,” Mohamed Ahmed wrote in the official daily Al-Ahram.
Ismail Abdel-Galil wrote about a generous invitation he received from the UN representative in Cairo together with a group of experts to a roundtable on ‘Egypt in 2050'.
Abdel-Galil wrote that they started the discussion by agreeing that in Egypt, we do not have much time and that we must start as soon as possible to build the new Egyptian citizen who is capable of coping with life in 2050.
Looking at the present situation with a 2.5 per cent rise in population, Abdel-Galil predicted that the population will reach 175 million by 2050, that the citizen will suffer from severe water scarcity and that the individual share of cultivated land will be measured in metres rather than in feddans.
While participants discussed all the steps needed to improve the economy as well as the citizen, the author reached this conclusion at the end of his column in the daily Al-Watan: “We should open a public dialogue on how to make a new Egyptian citizen who is ready to invest in Egypt's natural resources including the sun, wind and flora as well as other future resources rather than waste time in discussing the use of developing education and health.”
Essam Abdel-Fattah wrote about an international conference that dealt with the backwardness of education in which an important question was asked to the professor of philosophy Murad Wahba on how to create a generation of educated people after such deterioration in education.
Abdel-Fattah pointed to two important factors to create a creative mind: the mind should be critical and aim to change reality for the better.
However, Abdel-Fattah wrote that in light of these two factors, if we look at why education is lacking creativity, we will find that first, the mind of students is shackled by cultural limits which prevents it from being critical, forcing it to accept the information it finds in textbooks as the only source of absolute reality.
Second, he added, the job of that mind is to read the schoolbook to find ready answers to questions that students will be asked in an exam paper.
“If the magic words in developing education is ‘creativity' and ‘critic mind', then what can using a computer tablet do in a backward education? Is this backwardness like Don Quixote fighting windmills with tablets?” Abdel-Fattah asked in the daily Al-Masry Al-Youm.
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By Ahmed Kaoud, Al-Youm Al-Sabei


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